This album is the result of a folk-song collecting trip made during the Summer of 1956 by Diane Hamilton, Liam Clancy, and Paul Clayton. All of the selections on this recording were recorded in Virginia and North Carolina. Out of considerable instrumental material, these selections were chosen as being most typical and best performed. The instruments represented are the five-string banjo, the guitar, the fiddle, the dulcimer, and the harmonica. These instruments are the ones which have been played for the longest time in the South, end have been handed down traditionally in families.